Accommodating disabilities in classrooms
Students are selected to participate in NAEP based on a sampling procedure designed to yield a sample of students that is representative of students in all schools nationwide and in public schools within each state.First, schools are selected, and then students are sampled from within those schools without regard to disability or English language proficiency.
It was important for NAEP to be as consistent as possible with testing practices in most states and districts while maintaining the ability to compare more recent NAEP results to those from 1990, 1992, and 1994.The Learning Disabilities Association of America, LDA, is a National not-for-profit organization of parents, professionals and persons with learning disabilities, concerned about the welfare of individuals with learning disabilities.According to the latest figures available from Data Accountability Center, U. Department of Education, 2,415,564 students were identified as having a Specific Learning Disability in the Fall of 2010.The Learning Disabilities Association of America does not support ‘full inclusion’ or any policies that mandate the same placement, instruction, or treatment for ALL students with learning disabilities.Many students with learning disabilities benefit from being served in the regular education classroom.Before the 2005 assessment (when the selection process was detailed in a series of questions), guidelines were specified by NAEP.
A student identified on the Administration Schedule as having a disability (SD), that is, a student with an Individualized Education Program (IEP) or equivalent classification, should be included in the NAEP assessment unless: The goal of all these activities was to ensure that NAEP samples would be as representative as possible, and that high percentages of sampled students would and could participate.
Each inclusion rate is calculated as the percentage of sampled students who were included in the assessment (i.e., were not excluded).
Inclusion rate percentages are estimates because they are based on representative samples of students rather than on the entire population of students.
This is 41% of the 5,822,808 students with disabilities, between 6 and 21 years of age, served under IDEA.
‘Full inclusion’, ‘full integration’, ‘unified system’, ‘inclusive education’ are terms used to describe a popular policy/practice in which all students with disabilities, regard less of the nature or the severity of the disability and need for related services, receive their total education within the regular education classroom in their home school.
In 1996, NAEP began efforts to study the effect of assessment accommodations on NAEP results, and initiated a transition in which NAEP official reporting samples would come to include students assessed with accommodations.