Dating bi metal british cap badges
Apart from uniform buttons, there are also buttons made largely from brass such as Czechoslovakian Twinkles, Austrian Tinies, painted metal, metal-mounted, openwork buttons and so on.
For polishing, it makes life easier to slide buttons in to the slot of a button stick and these are also collectible. Trouser buttons are one-piece brass and often have a maker’s name on the back. ) Firmin & Sons London (late 19th Century) Firmin London & Birmingham (1882-) Firmin's London & B'ham (1882-) Firmin LTD London & Birmingham (1882-) Firmin & Sons LD Birmingham (1882-) Firmin & Sons LD Halesowen (1882-) Firmin & Sons LTD London Patent 2346 (1884-? The fronts may have impressed names and addresses of wholesalers and outfitters. ) Firmin & Sons LD St Martins Lane London (1895-1915) Firmin & Sons LD 108 St Martins Lane London (1895-1915) Firmin & Sons LD London (early 20th Century) Firmin & Sons LTD London (early 20th Century) Firmins LTD London (20th Century) Firmin London (mid 20th Century) Firmin England (mid 20th Century) In 1875 the firm became a Ltd Co with these addresses: Firmin & sons. Questions should be directed elsewhere to expert 'Button Collectors'. ‘Discovering Old Buttons’, Primrose Peacock, Shire Publications. ‘Buttons: A Guide for the Collector’, Gwen Squires, David and Charles. These pages take a look at the backs of brass buttons to see who made them. In 1892 the factory moved to Globe Works in Villa Street, Aston, Birmingham. Firmin from then on based solely at Firmin House in Newtown Row, Birmingham. J R Gaunt and Son was bought by Firmin and Sons in 1991 and remains part of Firmin and Sons Ltd today.
I am no expert on buttons, especially the faces but welcome additional information and photos regarding makers. Theses are two pages of what has been noted: Buttonmakers Birmingham Buttonmakers London References Some helpful notes by Roger Revell:- Illustrations ‘Big Book of Buttons’, Hughes and Lester. In 1971 the factory moved from Aston to Newtown Row where Firmin continues to manufacture buttons today.
There are many American books that are about pin-buttons or lapel buttons, rather than buttons as such.
The Americans use the word “button” to refer to what we would call “lapel badges”! The first is “Discovering Old Buttons” published by Shire Publications Ltd.
Many of the buttons made are for military uses and represent every individual regiment.
Civilian uses include those used for uniforms for public servants, livery, club and society, schools, colleges, hunts, shipping lines, sporting clubs, corporation, transport and tramway together with those on domestic blazers.
The main manufacturers at the turn of the last century were probably Firmin, Gaunt, Jennens, Armfield, Pitt, etc. Collectors look for these backmarks because the age of a button can often be determined by the maker’s address on the back. The firm’s history goes back to the 18th century and the company had at least 15 different addresses and backmarks.